ecology

01The Evolution of Cities by Élisée Reclus

Published by Jura Media

English – 24 pages

Originally published in The Contemporary Review in 1895.

French geographer and anarchist Reclus takes us through a history of the development of urbanisation. Given the paper is 120 years old, the archaeological data available to the author may not be as well informed as more current analyses, and should best be viewed as an historical artefact than as an academic source.

Printing copy – 200dpi, first-last landscape layout. 19Mb.

Reading copy – 200dpi, sequential portrait layout. 19Mb.

Anarchism and Ecology: The Historical Relationship by Graham Purchase

Published by Black Swan.

32 Pages – English

Original Publication Date: 1993
This pamphlet from the Australian ecologist is a history of the co-existence and intermingling of the ecology movement and anarchism, and a brief plot for the future of such a synthetic approach

Print copy 150dpi first-last landscape layout, 27.4MB.

Reading copy 150dpi, sequential portrait layout, 26.6MB.